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Wie autonome Cyber-KI zum Schutz von Arrow McLaren SP skaliert

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25
May 2021
25
May 2021
McLaren is unique in competing in both Formula 1 and the NTT INDYCAR Series. Darktrace’s AI has seamlessly scaled and extended to protect both teams from machine-speed cyber-attacks like ransomware, working across different time zones to provide around-the-clock protection with Autonomous Response.

It’s been decades since a racing team has had the ambition to compete at the highest level simultaneously in Formula 1 and in the NTT INDYCAR Series. And why would they? With hectic schedules, tight timelines, and the finest margins between victory and defeat, one series alone may seem a daunting enough feat. But to compete across both requires cross-continent collaboration, creativity, and innovation at every turn.

Rather than being daunted by the challenge, McLaren has embraced the unique advantages of racing in both series simultaneously. Arrow McLaren SP, in a strategic partnership with McLaren Racing, communicates on a daily basis with the McLaren Technology Centre in the UK, gathering and sharing data including car telemetry, on-board video and audio files, timing and scoring information, car set-ups, and reporting.

The security of this critical and highly sensitive data is paramount to the performance of AMSP, and after the success of Darktrace’s AI in protecting the cloud, email, and network environments of McLaren F1, AMSP recently announced they would be seamlessly extending the coverage to the US.

How adaptive, scalable AI drives success

Darktrace’s autonomous Cyber AI has protected the McLaren F1 team since early 2020, shielding their workforce and critical systems during a time of fundamental digital change, with conditions arising from COVID-19 forcing many employees to work from home. During this time the organization had a heightened reliance on cloud collaboration platforms, including video conferencing and file sharing.

Cyber AI technology adapted to these unforeseen changes, protecting the McLaren F1 team from novel and advanced attacks targeting their dynamic workforce. While traditional tools bound by set rules and playbooks had to be reconfigured, a self-learning approach allowed continuous protection of McLaren’s email systems, cloud services, and network traffic, with little maintenance required from busy human teams.

Now, the technology is being put to the test again. McLaren has extended Darktrace’s AI technology to protect the large volumes of sensitive data that travels back and forth between Arrow McLaren SP and the MTC.

Responding to machine-speed ransomware with Autonomous Response

As a wave of ransomware attacks brings fresh concerns to the cyber security industry, AMSP is turning to a technology fundamental to stopping these machine-speed attacks. With Autonomous Response, Darktrace not only detects emerging threats, but responds in real time, stopping attackers in their tracks without human teams having to lift a finger.

The response is surgical and proportionate: only the malicious activity is contained, whilst normal operations are allowed to continue. This will be a crucial capability for the AMSP team, as any unnecessary downtime severely undermines their ability to get access to the right data at the right time – ultimately having an impact on performance on race day.

With Darktrace’s autonomous Cyber AI protecting both its F1 and INDYCAR teams, McLaren’s human IT resources are augmented with real-time protection and Autonomous Response working across different time zones and providing that 24/7 overwatch they need.

Indianapolis 500: The toughest test yet

The month of May is a busy and critical period of the season for AMSP, with three races culminating in the 105th Running of the Indianapolis 500, which will be held in front of a reduced crowd of 135,000 spectators. The IT team has been busy preparing a temporary trackside data centre for this event, and the sheer volume of data circulating between that and the MTC is ramping up.

All of this data must be gathered, organized, and transferred securely back and forth between the two hubs. The speed of that transfer is absolutely vital, as speed of analysis and real-time decision-making is critical to race performance. AMSP’s engineering team and McLaren’s engineering team operate as if they’re sitting next to each other, despite being thousands of miles away.

Moreover, some data files can be extremely large, and reliable connectivity is key in ensuring that all files, no matter the size, can be transferred and downloaded as quickly as possible. Lack or loss of any data gathered trackside would prevent AMSP’s abilities to accurately recap on-track sessions.

This clearly represents an incredibly busy time for the security personnel on the ground both at Indianapolis and in the UK. Leaning on AI to facilitate the secure and reliable movement of highly sensitive data empowers AMSP’s IT team to stay proactive, rather than being reactive and playing catch up in the case of a security incident.

Facing the future with Cyber AI

AMSP is in a unique position in the INDYCAR paddock – no other team transmits so much data, so often or over so far of a distance. Darktrace’s Cyber AI technology is helping to protect AMSP’s at-track engineering crews, remote engineering teams, data transfer processes and cloud infrastructure, from an increasingly hostile cyber-threat landscape.

Relying on Darktrace to safeguard and protect its sensitive data and digital assets will become critical in securing AMSP’s overall approach to race weekend activation. As the collaboration between McLaren Racing and Arrow McLaren SP continues to drive success on the track, the targeted actions of Darktrace’s Autonomous Response capability ensures both sides of the technical partnership stay protected across different time zones, around the clock, no matter what threat is waiting round the corner.

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EINBLICKE IN DAS SOC-Team
Darktrace Cyber-Analysten sind erstklassige Experten für Threat Intelligence, Threat Hunting und Incident Response. Sie bieten Tausenden von Darktrace Kunden auf der ganzen Welt rund um die Uhr SOC-Support. Einblicke in das SOC-Team wird ausschließlich von diesen Experten verfasst und bietet Analysen von Cyber-Vorfällen und Bedrohungstrends, die auf praktischen Erfahrungen in diesem Bereich basieren.
AUTOR
ÜBER DEN AUTOR
Justin Fier
SVP, Red Team Operations

Justin is one of the US’s leading cyber intelligence experts, and holds the position of SVP, Red Team Operations at Darktrace. His insights on cyber security and artificial intelligence have been widely reported in leading media outlets, including the Wall Street Journal, CNN, The Washington Post, and VICELAND. With over 10 years’ experience in cyber defense, Justin has supported various elements in the US intelligence community, holding mission-critical security roles with Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman Mission Systems and Abraxas. Justin is also a highly-skilled technical specialist, and works with Darktrace’s strategic global customers on threat analysis, defensive cyber operations, protecting IoT, and machine learning.

Nick Snyder
Performance Director, Arrow McLaren SP

Nick Snyder has been with Arrow McLaren SP for more than 10 years and is an essential part of AMSP’s competition and trackside engineering teams. Beginning in 2011, Nick has worked his way up the ladder at Arrow McLaren SP, assuming his current role as Performance Director in November 2019. In his role, Nick has oversight to AMSP’s engineering group and the team’s entire digital footprint at each INDYCAR race event.

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Customer Blog: Community Housing Limited Enhancing Incident Response

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04
Mar 2024

About Community Housing Limited

Community Housing Limited is a non-profit organization based in Australia that focuses on providing affordable, long-term housing and creating employment opportunities where possible. We give people the security of having a home so that they can focus on other essential pathways. As such, we are responsible for sensitive information on our clients.

As part of our commitment to strengthening our cyber security, we sought to simplify and unify our incident response plans and equip our engineers and desktop support teams with all the information we need at our fingertips.

Why Community Housing Limited chose Darktrace

Our team hoped to achieve a response procedure that allowed us to have oversight over any potential security risks, even cases that don’t overtly seem like a security risk. For example, an incident could start as a payroll issue and end up in the hands of HR, instead of surfacing as a security problem. In this case, our security team has no way of knowing the real number of events or how the threat had actually started and played out, making incident response and mitigation even more challenging.

We were already a customer of Darktrace’s autonomous threat detection, attack intervention, and attack surface management capabilities, and decided to add Darktrace for AI-assisted incident response and AI cyber-attack simulation.

AI-generated playbooks save time during incident response

I wanted to reduce the time and resources it took our security team to appropriately respond to a threat. Darktrace automates several steps of the recovery process to accelerate the rate of incident response by using AI that learns the granular details of the specific organization, building a dynamic understanding of the devices, connections, and user behaviors that make up the normal “pattern of life.”  

The AI then uses this understanding to create bespoke, AI-generated incident response playbooks that leverage an evolving understanding of our organization to determine recovery steps that are tailored not only to the specific incident but also to our unique environment.

For my security team, this means having access to all the information we need to respond to a threat. When running through an incident, rather than going to different places to synthesize relevant information, which takes up valuable resources and time, we can speed up its remediation with Darktrace.  

The playbooks created by Darktrace help lower the technical skills required to respond to incidents by elevating the workload of the staff, tripling our capacity for incident response.

Realistic attack simulations upskill teams while saving resources

We have differing levels of experience on the team which means some members know exactly what to do during incident response while others are slower and need more guidance. Thus, we have to either outsource skilled security professionals or add a security solution that could lower the technical skills bar.

You don’t want to be second guessing and searching for the right move – it’s urgent – there should be certainty. Our goal with running attack simulations is to test and train our team's response capabilities in a “realistic” scenario. But this takes considerable time to plan and execute or can be expensive if outsourced, which can be a challenge for organizations short on resources. 

Darktrace provides AI-assisted incident response and cyber-attack simulation using AI that understands the organization to run simulations that effectively map onto the real digital environment and the assets within it, providing training for actual incidents.

It is one thing to sit together in a meeting and discuss various outcomes of a cyber-attack, talking through the best response strategies. It is a huge benefit being able to run attack simulations that emulate real-world scenarios.

Our team can now see how an incident would play out over several days to resemble a real-world scenario or it can play through the simulation quickly to ascertain outcomes immediately. It then uses these insights to strengthen its technology, processes, and training.

AI-Powered Incident Response

Darktrace helps my security team save resources and upskill staff using AI to generate bespoke playbooks and run realistic simulations. Its real-time understanding of our business ensures incident preparedness and incident response are tailored to not only the specific threat in question, but also to the contextual infrastructure of the organization.  

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About the author
Jamie Woodland
Head of Technology at Community Housing Limited

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E-Mail

Beyond DMARC: Navigating the Gaps in Email Security

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29
Feb 2024

Email threat landscape  

Email has consistently ranked among the most targeted attack vectors, given its ubiquity and criticality to business operations. From September to December 2023, 10.4 million phishing emails were detected across Darktrace’s customer fleet demonstrating the frequency of attempted email-based attacks.

Businesses are searching for ways to harden their email security posture alongside email providers who are aiming to reduce malicious emails traversing their infrastructure, affecting their clients. Domain-based Message Authentication (DMARC) is a useful industry-wide protocol organizations can leverage to move towards these goals.  

What is DMARC?

DMARC is an email authentication protocol designed to enhance the security of email communication.

Major email service providers Google and Yahoo recently made the protocol mandatory for bulk senders in an effort to make inboxes safer worldwide. The new requirements demonstrate an increasing need for a standardized solution as misconfigured or nonexistent authentication systems continue to allow threat actors to evade detection and leverage the legitimate reputation of third parties.  

DMARC is a powerful tool that allows email administrators to confidently identify and stop certain spoofed emails; however, more organizations must implement the standard for it to reach its full potential. The success and effectiveness of DMARC is dependent on broad adoption of the standard – by organizations of all sizes.  

How does DMARC work?

DMARC builds on two key authentication technologies, Sender Policy Framework (SPF) and DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) and helps to significantly improve their ability to prevent domain spoofing. SPF verifies that a sender’s IP address is authorized to send emails on behalf of a particular domain and DKIM ensures integrity of email content by providing a verifiable digital signature.  

DMARC adds to this by allowing domain owners to publish policies that set expectations for how SPF and DKIM verification checks relate to email addresses presented to users and whose authenticity the receiving mail server is looking to establish.  

These policies work in tandem to help authenticate email senders by verifying the emails are from the domain they say they are, working to prevent domain spoofing attacks. Key benefits of DMARC include:

  1. Phishing protection DMARC protects against direct domain spoofing in which a threat actor impersonates a legitimate domain, a common phishing technique threat actors use to trick employees to obtain sensitive information such as privileged credentials, bank information, etc.  
  2. Improving brand reputation: As DMARC helps to prevent impersonation of domains, it stands to maintain and increase an organization’s brand reputation. Additionally, as organizational reputation improves, so will the deliverability of emails.
  3. Increased visibility: DMARC provides enhanced visibility into email communication channels, including reports of all emails sent on behalf of your domain. This allows security teams to identify shadow-IT and any unauthorized parties using their domain.

Understanding DMARC’s Limitations

DMARC is often positioned as a way for organizations to ‘solve’ their email security problems, however, 65% of the phishing emails observed by Darktrace successfully passed DMARC verification, indicating that a significant number of threat actors are capable of manipulating email security and authentication systems in their exploits. While DMARC is a valuable tool in the fight against email-based attacks, the evolving threat landscape demands a closer look at its limitations.  

As threat actors continue to innovate, improving their stealth and evasion tactics, the number of attacks with valid DMARC authentication will only continue to increase in volume and sophistication. These can include:

  1. Phishing attacks that leverage non-spoofed domains: DMARC allows an organization to protect the domains that they own, preventing threat actors from being able to send phishing emails from their domains. However, threat actors will often create and use ‘look-a-like’ domains that closely resemble an organization’s domain to dupe users. 3% of the phishing emails identified by Darktrace utilized newly created domains, demonstrating shifting tactics.  
  2. Email Account Takeovers: If a threat actor gains access to a user’s email account through other social engineering means such as credential stuffing, they can then send phishing emails from the legitimate domain to pursue further attacks. Even though these emails are malicious, DMARC would not identify them as such because they are coming from an authorized domain or sender.  

Organizations must also ensure their inbound analysis of emails is not skewed by successful DMARC authentication. Security teams cannot inherently trust emails that pass DMARC, because the source cannot always be legitimized, like in the event of an account takeover. If a threat actor gains access to an authenticated email account, emails sent by the threat actor from that account will pass DMARC – however the contents of that email may be malicious. Sender behavior must be continuously evaluated and vetted in real time as past communication history and validated DMARC cannot be solely relied upon amid an ever-changing threat landscape.  

Security teams should lean on other security measures, such as anomaly detection tools that can identify suspicious emails without relying on historical attack rules and static data. While DMARC is not a silver bullet for email security, it is nevertheless foundational in helping organizations protect their brand identity and must be viewed as an essential layer in an organization's overall cyber security strategy.  

Implementing DMARC

Despite the criticality of DMARC for preserving brand reputation and trust, adoption of the standard has been inconsistent. DMARC can be complex to implement with many organizations lacking the time required to understand and successfully implement the standard. Because of this, DMARC set-up is often outsourced, giving security and infrastructure teams little to no visibility into or control of the process.  

Implementation of DMARC is only the start of this process, as DMARC reports must be consistently monitored to ensure organizations have visibility into who is sending mail from their domain, the volume of mail being sent and whether the mail is passing authentication protocols. This process can be time consuming for security teams who are already faced with mounting responsibilities, tight budgets, and personnel shortages. These complexities unfortunately delay organizations from using DMARC – especially as many today still view it as a ‘nice to have’ rather than an essential.  

With the potential complexities of the DMARC implementation process, there are many ways security and infrastructure teams can still successfully roll out the standard. Initial implementation should start with monitoring, policy adjustment and then enforcement. As business changes over time, DMARC should be reviewed regularly to ensure ongoing protection and maintain domain reputation.

The Future of Email Security

As email-based attacks continue to rise, the industry must recognize the importance of driving adoption of foundational email authentication protocols. To do this, a new and innovative approach to DMARC is needed. DMARC products must evolve to better support organizations throughout the ongoing DMARC monitoring process, rather than just initial implementation. These products must also be able to share intelligence across an organization’s security stack, extending beyond email security tools. Integration across these products and tools will help organizations optimize their posture, ensuring deep understanding of their domain and increased visibility across the entire enterprise.

DMARC is critical in protecting brand identity and mitigating exact-domain based attacks. However, organizations must understand DMARC’s unique benefits and limitations to ensure their inboxes are fully protected. In today’s evolving threat landscape, organizations require a robust, multi-layered approach to stop email threats – in inbound mail and beyond. Email threats have evolved – its time security does too.

Join Darktrace on 9 April for a virtual event to explore the latest innovations needed to get ahead of the rapidly evolving threat landscape. Register today to hear more about our latest innovations coming to Darktrace’s offerings. For additional insights check out Darktrace’s 2023 End of Year Threat Report.

Credit to Carlos Gray and Stephen Pickman for their contribution to this blog

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About the author
Carlos Gray
Product Manager

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